Italy and Spain are two of the countries willing to reach a European agreement on immigrants. The pact provides for the distribution of people that the NGOs or military ships have rescued in the Mediterranean. This distribution will be made before the entry of ships in port, so that once disembarked people are transferred immediately to the countries of the European Union (EU) that have acceded to the pact, which for now are six: Germany, France, Italy, Greece, Malta and Spain.
The interior ministers of Italy, Germany, France and Malta must approve the text at the meeting they will hold next 23 in Valletta. The Italian prime minister, Giuseppe Conte, wants to introduce in the European agreement a rotation of the ports, so that the immigrants also disembark in Spain, France, Malta and Croatia.
One of the keys of the negotiation is to specify the different categories of immigrants. That is, who have the right to asylum or international protection because they come from countries in conflict or war, and who have exclusively economic motivations. Italy wishes that the division by quotas of the immigrants takes place before the disembarkation, to avoid that the negotiation on the distribution is eternalized and, in addition, to not give rise to that some countries choose only those who have right of asylum, excluding irregular or so-called economic immigrants.
This agreement will affect for now only immigrants who arrive on NGO or military ships, excluding those arriving in vessels called “ghost”. Immigrants landed by NGOs in Italy are a minority. From the beginning of the year until September 13, 5796 immigrants arrived in this country by sea, of which just over 1000 did so in NGO ships after being rescued in 26 operations off the Libyan coast. The vast majority of immigrants, a total of 4303, arrived irregularly in small boats, often abandoned on the beaches of Sicily or Lampedusa.
Conte has asked the EU to grant aid to countries that host immigrants. Also that fines or withdraw aid to governments that refuse to participate in the distribution of immigrants.